What is prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer is the most common male cancer and a significant concern for older men.
Prostate cancer is a malignancy that affects the prostate gland, an organ responsible for the production of semen. The gland is approximately the size of a walnut and sits just below the bladder. The urethra, a tube that delivers urine from the bladder, runs through the prostate gland. The male hormone testosterone regulates prostate gland function. Although younger men may acquire prostate cancer, it is rare before 50 years of age. Most elderly men will develop prostate cancer to a lesser degree as they age and are likely to die from other causes. African-American males have both a higher frequency and death rate from this disease.
Malignant cells in the prostate typically grow rather slowly. Most men are diagnosed in the early stage of disease while the cancer is confined to the gland itself. In such a case, the cure rate is excellent. Should the cancer spread to other organs, such as lungs, lymph nodes and bone, there are still options to control the disease with many men living beyond five years.
Symptoms of prostate cancer
Prostate cancer may have little or no symptoms just like many other cancers. Symptoms can be difficult to differentiate from benign prostatic hyperplasia. Do speak to your doctor if you experience:
- Blood in urine or semen.
- Urinary frequency, especially during the night.
- Problems with initiating and maintaining a urinary stream.
- Painful urination or ejaculation.
- Pelvic, lower back or upper thigh pain.
- Unexplained weight loss or fatigue.
- Nausea or vomiting.
Risk factors for prostate cancer
Although it is difficult to determine exactly what causes prostate cancer, we do know that your risk of prostate cancer increases if you have a family history of this disease. Men who consume a diet high in animal fats (such as red meat) are more likely to develop disease. There is a great likelihood that high levels of testosterone hormone influence the development and course of this disease. Men with certain occupational exposures may be particularly susceptible to prostate cancer. Those at risk include welders and those who work with rubber, cadmium and battery components. Talk to your doctor about your risk and screening methods that have been updated throughout the years.
Treatment for Prostate Cancer
Treatments for prostate cancer available in South Jersey at Cooper include:
Departments Specializing in Prostate Cancer Treatment
Departments at Cooper that treat Prostate Cancer include:
Physicians Who Specialize in Prostate Cancer
Our prostate cancer specialists include: