With synovitis of the hip, the synovium (lining of the joint) is inflamed (painful and swollen). With arthritis, a large amount of the articular cartilage (firm tissue covering the “ball” and “socket” of your hip) is damaged.
For synovitis surgery, part of the damaged synovium is removed. This may be done by suction or shaving. For arthritis, the loose or torn cartilage is removed, or it may be smoothed with a shaver. Arthritis can lead to bone spurs. If bone spurs are present, they may be removed. Once the surgeon finishes the procedure, the portals are closed and bandaged.